Tourist Information Dublin

The Phoenix Park, Dublin

The Phoenix Park in Dublin, with a perimeter of 16 kilometers, is one of the largest enclosed parks within any European capital city.

About 30% of the area of the Phoenix Park is covered by trees, including mainly broadleaf parkland species such as oak, ash, lime, beech, sycamore and horse-chestnut. A more ornamental selection of trees is grown in the various enclosures. A large herd of Fallow Deer has lived in the Park since the 1660's when they were introduced by the Duke of Ormond. The Phoenix Park is also sanctuary for many animals and birds and a wide range of wildlife habitats are to be found in the park including the Furry Glen in the south western corner of the park, which is managed as a conservation area.

There is a large number of attractions in The Phoenix Park including the headquarters of the Garda Síochána, the Irish national police force, The National Ambulance Service College as well as several sports grounds for football, hurling, soccer, cricket and polo.

Áras an Uachtaráin, the residence of the President of Ireland since 1958, it dates from 1751 and is located in the centre of the park close to the United States Ambassador's residence, which was built in 1774.

The Victorian People's Flower Gardens, located close to the Parkgate Street entrance, comprise an area of 9 hectares and, were re-opened in 1864. These gardens were initially established in 1840 as the Promenade Grounds. They display Victorian horticulture, including ornamental lakes, children's playground, picnic area and bedding schemes.

The Victorian Tea Kiosk, is a lovely spot for teas and lunches and has an outdoor picnic area. It is situated between the Band Hollow (which sometime hosts summer musical performances) and Dublin Zoo.

The Papal Cross,was erected at the edge of Fifteen Acres in advance of the visit of Pope John Paul II on 29 September 1979. Over 1.25 million people attended the open air mass in the park. The large white cross, which is 116 feet (35 m) high and was built with steel girders. It was difficult to install: after several attempts, the cross was finally erected on the 14th September, only a fortnight before the Pope arrived.

The Wellington Monument is an obelisk which is just over 63 metres tall and was built to commemorate the victories of Arthur Wellelsley, Duke of Wellington, who is said to have been born in Dublin. The story is that it would have been even higher if the publicly subscribed funding had not run out. There are four bronze plaques at the base which were cast from cannons captured at Waterloo. There are four bronze plaques at the base which were cast from cannons captured at Waterloo. It was erected in 1861.

The Phoenix Monument is a Corinthian column, carved from Portland Stone with a Phoenix bird rising from the ashes at its pinnacle, erected in 1747 by the Earl of Chesterfield

A Brief History

After the Normans conquered Dublin and its surrounds in the 12th century, Hugh Tyrell, the first Baron of Castleknock, granted a large parcal of land, including what is now the Phoenix Park, to the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem. The Knights established an abbey at Kilmainham on the site which was later occupied by Royal Hospital Kilmainham. The knights lost their lands when Henry VIII confiscated monastic properties in 1537 and 80 years later the lands once more reverted to the ownership of the King's representatives in Ireland. On the restoration of Charles II, his Viceroy, Lord Ormonde established a Royal Hunting Park in 1662 containing pheasants and wild deer. As a result it was necessary to enclose the entire area with a stone wall. The Phoenix Park was opened to the people of Dublin by Lord Chesterfield in 1745.

Subsequent wall repair and new build were necessary as the Park’s size and boundaries were adjusted and realigned.

Opening Times

The Phoenix Park is open 24 hrs a day, 7 days a week, all year round. The main gates of the Park, which are at at Parkgate Street and Castleknock Gate are open 24 hours. The side gates to the Park are open from 7am until 11pm.

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Ticket Prices

Admission to The Phoenix Park is free. Some of the attractions within the park will have admission fees - e.g. Dublin Zoo.

Disabled Facilities

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More Information


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Location Map

Find out how to get to The Phoenix Park with directions and maps from Google.
Dublin 8,

Hotels & Accommodation

West County Hotel West County Hotel
Dublin, 20
Distance: 0.9 miles
Hilton Dublin Kilmainham Hilton Dublin Kilmainham
Dublin, 8
Distance: 1.3 miles
Best Western Ashling Hotel Best Western Ashling Hotel
Dublin, 8
Distance: 1.5 miles

Nearest Attractions

Kilmainham Jail Kilmainham Jail
Inchicore Road, Kilmainham, Dublin 8, Dublin
Distance: 1.4 miles
Dublin Zoo Dublin Zoo
Phoenix Park, Dublin 8, Ireland
Distance: 1.2 miles
Áras an Uachtaráin Áras an Uachtaráin
Phoenix Park, Dublin, Ireland
Distance: 0.3 miles
Ashtown Castle Ashtown Castle
Phoenix Park, Dublin 8, Dublin
Distance: 0.5 miles
Wellington Monument Wellington Monument
Phoenix Park, Dublin 8, Dublin
Distance: 1.2 miles

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Phoenix Park, Dublin 8, Ireland
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